The Antioch Issue of Galatians 2:1-10 (1)
Peter’s “Eating With Gentiles” At Antioch, I find interesting in finding the answer of it. I have studied some more from Boer, Betz, Mark Nanos, Fung and others and decided to jot down some of the thoughts here.
Paul told the Galatians of a time in Antioch when he rebuked Peter behaved hypocritically to those Gentiles’ believers. Two questions: 1) What did the ones for circumcision, whom Peter feared, find so objectionable? 2) What did Paul find so objectionable about Peter’s decision to withdraw and separate from these mixed meals?
Besides Paul, Cephas (Peter) and Barnabas, there are three other interest groups to whom Paul refers in the story. These groups include the “certain ones from James,” “the one for [ek] circumcision,” and “the rest of the Jews” who follow Peter’s lead.
Here we have a question: what did the Galatians understand Paul to wish to communicate in the part of Gal. 2:1-10 and the rest of the letter’s situational argumentation?
The “certain ones from James,” is the emissaries from James, representing the views of the circumcision party in Jerusalem, would similarly have regarded attempts by the Gentile Christians in Antioch to observe the food laws as insufficient and largely irrelevant. The views of the circumcision party thus matched those of “the false brethren” at the Jerusalem conference (Act 15; Gal. 2:4-5); they also match those of the new preacher in Galatia (Gal. 6).
Traditionally Paul has been understood to be upset because Cephas refused to eat with those Gentiles believers. However, Mark Nanos questions about that those emissaries form James is not a threat but it only means that they come at the same time and Cephas is not fear about not observing Jewish dietary regulations when he eats with Gentiles.