The Antioch Issue of Galatians 2:1-10 (1)

The Antioch Issue of Galatians 2:1-10      (1)          

Peter’s “Eating With Gentiles” At Antioch, I find interesting in finding the answer of it. I have studied some more from Boer, Betz, Mark Nanos, Fung and others and decided to jot down some of the thoughts here.

Paul told the Galatians of a time in Antioch when he rebuked Peter behaved hypocritically to those Gentiles’ believers. Two questions: 1) What did the ones for circumcision, whom Peter feared, find so objectionable? 2) What did Paul find so objectionable about Peter’s decision to withdraw and separate from these mixed meals?

Besides Paul, Cephas (Peter) and Barnabas, there are three other interest groups to whom Paul refers in the story. These groups include the “certain ones from James,” “the one for [ek] circumcision,” and “the rest of the Jews” who follow Peter’s lead. 

Here we have a question: what did the Galatians understand Paul to wish to communicate in the part of Gal. 2:1-10 and the rest of the letter’s situational argumentation?

The “certain ones from James,” is the emissaries from James, representing the views of the circumcision party in Jerusalem, would similarly have regarded attempts by the Gentile Christians in Antioch to observe the food laws as insufficient and largely irrelevant. The views of the circumcision party thus matched those of “the false brethren” at the Jerusalem conference (Act 15; Gal. 2:4-5); they also match those of the new preacher in Galatia (Gal. 6).

Traditionally Paul has been understood to be upset because Cephas refused to eat with those Gentiles believers. However, Mark Nanos questions about that those emissaries form James is not a threat but it only means that they come at the same time and Cephas is not fear about not observing Jewish dietary regulations when he eats with Gentiles.


About pastor Kenny Cheung

我是一位牧師,牧養一間小型的堂會,閒時, 會回到香港浸信會神學院進修,到這個年頭可以再讀書,是一件快樂的事。我有一個美滿的家庭,妻子和兒子是我幸福的根源。我喜歡音樂、電影、閱讀和旅遊等。你若問我:餘生有什麼真正想做的事?我想,我會渴望成為神的話語的學生、作基督的門徒!
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